LEBANON

Achieving a Radical Change in the Energy Paradigm

Electricity production in Lebanon is far from sufficient for the needs of the country. Continuous blackouts forcing people to resort to the use of emergency generators to ensure the supply of electricity, generating significant additional costs.

These deficiencies are evaluated in billions of dollars in annual losses to the Lebanese economy.

On average, for the whole of the country the supply of electric energy is 18 hours per day (75%), with higher values around the capital Beirut (21 hours a day). The production shortfall was further aggravated during the summer.

The general framework for Lebanon so sees a strong energy failure, resulting in a steady growth in energy bills, to which is added the use of harmful fuel oils. All these shortcomings are pushing massive intervention in the renewable energy sector.


Energy situation

Energy balance 

Production: 18 billion kWh

Consumption: 16 billion kWh 

Exports: 0 kWh 

Imports: 100 million kWh 

Installed generating capacity: 2.3 million kW 

 - from fossil fuels: 90.2%

 - from nuclear fuels: 0% 

 - from hydroelectric plants: 9.8%

 - from other renewable sources: 0%

 

 

Rate of self sufficiency: 9.8%

 

 

Investment Plan

Planned Objective 

Actions are aimed at achieving the following objectives:

1) Stabilize the electrical system eleminating chronic production deficits;

2) Gradually replace the power generated by thermal power plants with new renewable capacity, freeing the country from the need to import fuel for energy use;

 

Action Plan

Outlined below is a plan of action that represents an opportunity for improving the energy situation of the country.

Increasing gradually electric power capacity by 2,700 MW to achieve energy independence in two successive phases:

  • Capacity building..............2,700 MW;
  • 1st phase ..........................1,500 MW;
  • 2nd phase .........................1,200 MW;
  • Investment required....€ 9.45 billion;
  • Timeline.................................10 years.


Implementation Plan

 PROJECT SUMMARY 

Such results can be achieved by enabling:

-A 1st fase of buildings for 1,500 MW of new electrical skills to fill the current output gap, subsequently;

-A 2nd fase of realizations, with the same operational scheme, of 1,200 MW of new electrical capacity generation will gradually eliminate the thermal  plants and lead the country to self-sufficiency.

This involves the implementation of a complex operation in which coexist a number of key elements, such as design, infrastructure financing, construction, operation and maintenance of the infrastructure itself.

The completion is expected in 8-10 years from the start of the first sites. These times are uncertain and necessarily approximate and depend on social, economic and political not readily identifiable at this stage of planning.

 

 TECHNICAL OBJECTIVES 

The production, transmission and distribution of electricity suffer for all the accumulated system criticality. The causes of rationing and the increase of technical failures are numerous:

- The system losses are high because of non-completion of the high-voltage grid 220KV. The losses vary, depending on the regions, between 15% and 20%.

- Of the "bottlenecks" are formed in the distribution network level resulting series of failures during the peak hours of electricity consumption in summer and winter.

 The solution to the Lebanese crisis is to achieve a radical change in the energy paradigm that guides the national electricity system towards a model that is based entirely on renewable, modern, leading expeditiously to the energy indipendence, the improvement of the environmental framework and the level of electrical safety.


PLANNED ENERGY INITIATIVES 

Mohafaza                              Capacity 

Beirut ......................................270 MW  

Beirut Suburbs ......................610 MW 

Rest of Mount Lebanon ......410 MW

North ......................................545 MW

Bekaa .....................................360 MW

Nabatieh ................................185 MW

South ......................................320 MW