MONTENEGRO

Towards Energy Independence

With around 650 000 inhabitants, Montenegro's electricity needs are currently satisfied by just one 210 MW coal power plant at Pljevlja (around one third of electricity), and hydropower plants (the remaining two thirds).  Hydropower comes mainly from the 307 MW Perucica and 342 MW Piva plants, with the remainder from other much smaller hydro facilities. Low energy efficiency, a longstanding interruption in the construction of its own energy production facilities and development of energy resources, high amortization of the existing energy infrastructure, and the domination of electricity in the energy balance have lead to a high import dependence of Montenegro.

This project / program for the construction of new energy production capacities will enable the revitalization and modernization of existing energy infrastructures and will directly contribute to accelerating the country's economic development and the quality of life of its citizens.


Energy Situation

Production:  3.1 billion KWh

Consumption:   2.8 billion KWh

Exports:   0.6 billion KWh 

Imports:   0.9 billion KWh

Installed generating capacity:   900 MW

- from fossil fuels: 24.6% 

- from hydroelectric plants:   75.3%

 

 

 Rate of self sufficiency: 75%

Investment Plan

Planned objectives

The country can reach electricity self-sufficiency in 5 years with an investment costs of €242 million per year.

 

Action plan 

Increase of electric power capacity for 220 MW to achieve self-sufficiency, including:

  • Capacity building ................220 MW;
  • Expected costs .........€1,210 million;
  • Timeline.................................5 years.


Implementation Plan

PROJECT SUMMARY 

Montenegro will be the first European country where we expect the achievement of self-sufficiecy in electricity sector through HPS technology within the next 5 years.

The market for renewable energy is good, and also the price granted to privileged producers is good. Montenegro provides adequate technical potential for the utilization of RES for electricity production.

The market is well regulated, with detailed technical specifications and clear deadlines for local authorities to act.

In Montenegro, the production of electricity from renewable energy sources is mainly promoted through a feed-in tariff. The access to the grid is regulated by the general legislation on legislation and renewable energy sources are given priority.

TECHNICAL OBJECTIVES

Introduce additional power generation capacities into the power system. This new capacity makes almost 24% of total installed capacity of all power plants within the existing power system of Montenegro. The production of electricity from renewable energy sources has many positive effects for Montenegro. First of all, there is a reduction of deficit in the electricity system, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (if renewable energy generation replaces generation from coal), adoption and introduction of new technologies, and to some degree to increase employment. New jobs will be available for domestic industries and particularly construction companies.


PLANNED ENERGY INITIATIVES 

Region & Capacity 

1) Andrijevica: 2 MW.         12) Nikšić: 25 MW.

2) Bar: 14 MW.                     13) Plav: 6 MW.

3) Berane: 12 MW.              14) Pljevlja: 12 MW.

4) Bijelo Polije: 17 MW.      15) Pluzine: 2 MW.

5) Budva : 5 MW.                 16) Podgorica: 65 MW.

6) Cetinje: 6 MW.                 17) Rozaje: 8 MW.

7) Danilovgrad: 6 MW.        18) Šavnik: 1 MW.

8) Herceg Novi: 11 MW.     19) Tivat: 5 MW.

9) Kolašin: 3 MW.                20) Ulcinj: 7 MW.

10) Kotor: 8 MW.                 21) Žabliak: 2 MW. 

11) Mojkovac : 3MW.