MACEDONIA

Developing a self-sufficient energy sector in Macedonia

The most important problems the energy sector faces in Macedonia are an unfavourable energy mix with a high prevalence of lignite, a strong dependence on energy import, poor condition of the energy system and inefficiency in energy production and use.

The share of coal in Macedonia’s energy mix is around 50 per cent and 75 per cent in electricity

production. Macedonia is very sensitive to climate change considering the significant share of agricultural production in the overall economy, underdeveloped infrastructure and high levels of pollution. The energy sector emits three-quarters of the total amount of greenhouse gases.

Macedonia has oil fuel power plant in the place Negotino; two thermal power plants – Bitola and Oslomej, and two combined power plants in Skopje and Kogel, both operational since 2012.

The government plans to increase their capacity and to open a new coal mine Zivojno, to ensure the supply of TPP Bitola. 


Energy Situation

Production:  4.57 billion KWh

Consumption:   6.96 billion KWh

Exports:   0.11 billion KWh 

Imports:   3.07 billion KWh

Installed generating capacity:   2,011MW

- from fossil fuels: 64.5% 

- from nuclear fuels: 0% 

- from hydroelectric plants: 33%

- from other renewable sources: 2.5%

 

Rate of self sufficiency: 55,9%

Investment Plan

Planned objectives

The country can reach electricity self-sufficiency in 10 years with an investment costs of €700 million per year.

 

Action plan 

Increase of electric power capacity for 2,000 MW to replace fossil fuels power plants and achieve self-sufficiency, including:

  • Capacity building ................2,000 MW;
  • Expected costs ..................€ 7.0 billion;
  • Timeline...................................10 years.


Implementation Plan

 PROJECT SUMMARY 

For the Macedonia's electrification program our project management teams  uses the parameters defined in the government’s Energy Strategy; according to this estimate, total electricity demand is expected to grow to approximately 14TWh per year by 2030.

There are significant opportunities for renewable energy investment in Macedonia, beyond and above the recommendations offered by official 

documents. 

The main scheme supporting renewable energy sources in Republic of Macedonia is a feed-in tariff. The public energy supplier is obliged to pay a regulated tariff for the electricity generated from renewable energy sources.

The electricity transmission or distribution system operators shall provide priority access to renewable energy plants, provided that they meet the conditions for connection. 

TECHNICAL OBJECTIVES

Macedonia needs to increase its power generation capacity as a result of ‘growing energy demand of the country, the deficit in domestic energy generation and the need to improve the power sector performance to comply with stricter environmental requirements set as conditions in the accession process to the EU’.

The energy planning is a part of development of energy strategy in a country, and for making a decision to enter a new renewable power program or to expand an existing program. Planning of energy demand in a country is a very important step in developing a strategy for energy sources development, and for coping with the challenges, uncertainties and needs in energy supply. Our primary objective is an extensive and ambitious programme to introduce 2,000 MW of additional RES capacities into the electrical power system.


PLANNED ENERGY INITIATIVES 

Region & Capacity 

  • 1. Eastern:  172 MW 
  • 2. Northeastern:  170 MW 
  • 3. Pelagonia:  222 MW 
  • 4. Polog:  310 MW 
  • 5. Skopje:  600  MW 
  • 6. Southeastern:  167 MW 
  • 7. Southwestern:  211 MW 
  • 8. Vardar:  148 MW